"Buy the Dip"

Noteworthy Recurring Behavior in Real Estate Markets, and How to Potentially Benefit


Corrections occur often, even in bull markets.

US equity markets have struggled entering into the fourth quarter. The volatility has also impacted the public real estate market, as correlations tend to increase during sell-offs (ultimately, publicly-traded REITs are part of the equity markets).1 This has led investors to speculate whether we are entering a correction, or if it is characteristic volatility leading up to mid-term elections.2

We believe that, for long-term investors seeking wealth accumulation, this question is beside the point. Why? Several reasons: First, on a purely probabilistic basis, fewer than 20% of broader equity market corrections turn into a full-blown bear market (said differently, about 80% of corrections are short breaks that subsequently resume a positive market trend). Thus, the odds are for a temporary correction.

Miguel Sosa

Portfolio Strategist, Research and Investment Solutions

However, the more significant reasons are derived, nuanced and developed from a more thorough and insightful analysis.

Observations from Public Real Estate Markets

In the public real estate market (as measured by the Dow Jones US Real Estate Index), corrections have occurred once per year, every year, for the last 25 years.

Even in years where the index’s return was strongly positive or when the economy was growing, the market saw high single-digit or even double-digit returns inclusive of the intra-year corrections (Figure 1).

It could be said that it is almost like one’s birthday; it comes around once a year, whether you want it to or not.


Dow Jones US Real Estate Total Return Index: Calendar Year Returns and Intra-year Declines
January 2, 1992 – November 6, 2018

Despite average inter-year drops of -15.8% (including recessions), annual returns of the DJ US Real Estate Index were positive in 20 of the past 25 calendar years and returned +11.4% per year on average.


Source: S&P Dow Jones Indices, American Assets Capital Advisers (AACA). Past performance is not indicative of future results. There is no guarantee any investment will achieve its objectives, generate profits, or avoid losses

A Recurring Theme: Annual Troughs and Performance

Given that the corrections were a yearly occurrence, we decided to take a deeper, more thorough look at the performance leading into the trough and the subsequent recovery. Thus, in addition to reviewing troughs on an annual basis, we looked at the corrections of the DJ US Real Estate Index by lining up all the troughs to a “Day 0.” This can help to visualize any patterns or themes that may exist both in the days preceding and following the bottom of the correction. Figure 2 does precisely this: all of the annual corrections are lined up to the same relative point in time.


Dow Jones US Real Estate Total Return Indexed to Annual Correction Trough
January 2, 1992 – November 6, 2018 (Excluding GFC 2007, 2008, and 2009)

Annual corrections of the Index that have been synchronized (or “lined up”) to a single theoretical point in time at each trough. This allows to more easily discern trends prior to or after the correction.


Source: S&P Dow Jones Indices, AACA. Past performance is not indicative of future results. There is no guarantee any investment will achieve its objectives, generate profits, or avoid losses.

This exercise revealed a few interesting stats of market behavior:

  • 96% of the time after hitting a trough, the forward 6-month return never dropped below the prior trough.
  • After the ‘yearly’ trough, the index returned 8% to 30% over the next six months.
  • At six months after the trough, the index was higher in every instance (that is, the index was not in a secondary trough).

Figure 3 shows a slightly different take; the troughs and subsequent performance have been reset so that the peak prior to the trough is “Day 0.”

Furthermore, the performance of the following 200 trading days has been averaged to achieve a “mean performance path,” as represented by the bold “AVG” line.


What Typically Happens After a Sell-off?
Annual Corrections of the Dow Jones US Real Estate Index | January 2, 1992 – November 6, 2018

Annual corrections have been synchronized (or “lined up”) to a single theoretical point in time at each peak prior to the trough, and the subsequent 200 trading days. The bold “AVG” line represents the arithmetic mean of all of the performance trends.


Source: S&P Dow Jones Indices, AACA. Past performance is not indicative of future results. There is no guarantee any investment will achieve its objectives, generate profits, or avoid losses.

While the performance path is theoretical and not indicative of future results, we believe it again illustrates a consistent pattern:

  • Corrections are sharper than recoveries; corrections on average last a bit over a month.
  • Recoveries are more gradual, and (again on average) typically take five months to completely exit the correction.
  • After exiting the correction, the performance path has on average continued into positive territory.

An Opportunity During a Storm?

The preceding graphs have shown some repeated themes in historical corrections: they come often, occur quickly, but typically swing back and continue into positive territory.

The current correction is no different; during October, the index dropped by -6% in the middle of the month. It can understandably be challenging to take actions that may potentially be favorable for the long-term during volatile markets.

As Warren Buffett colorfully described, “the stock market is a device for transferring money from the impatient to the patient.”

1 A REIT (real estate investment trust) is a type of real estate company that mainly owns and operates income-producing real estate; some engage in financing real estate. Most REITs trade on major exchanges.

2 Corrections are commonly defined as a market drop of -10% to 20% following a market upswing. For this analysis, we use the term interchangeably with “sell-offs” for market drops of various magnitudes that reflect the largest losses of each calendar year.


This material is being provided for informational purposes only. The author’s assessments do not constitute investment research and the views expressed are not intended to be and should not be relied upon as investment advice. This document and the statements contained herein do not constitute an invitation, recommendation, solicitation or offer to subscribe for, sell or purchase any securities, investments, products or services. The opinions are based on market conditions as of the date of writing and are subject to change without notice. No obligation is undertaken to update any information, data or material contained herein. The reader should not assume that all securities or sectors identified and discussed were or will be profitable.

Past performance is not indicative of future results. There is no guarantee that any forecasts made will come to pass. Due to various risks and uncertainties, actual events, results or performance may differ materially from those reflected or contemplated. There can be no assurance that any investment product or strategy will achieve its objectives, generate profits or avoid losses. Diversification does not ensure profit or protect against loss in a positive or declining market.

It is important to note that all investments are subject to risks that affect their performance in different market cycles. Equity securities are subject to the risk of decline due to adverse company or industry news or general economic decline. Bonds are subject to risk of default, credit risk, and interest rate risk; when interest rates rise, bond prices fall. REITs are affected by the market conditions in the real estate sector, changes in property value, and interest rate risk.

Aternative investments involve a high degree of risk and can be illiquid due to restrictions on transfer and lack of a secondary trading market. They can be highly leveraged, speculative and volatile, and an investor could lose all or a substantial amount of an investment. Alternative investments may lack transparency as to share price, valuation and portfolio holdings. Complex tax structures often result in delayed tax reporting. Compared to mutual funds, hedge funds and commodity pools are subject to less regulation and often charge higher fees. Mutual funds involve risk including possible loss of principal. Alternative investment managers typically exercise broad investment discretion and may apply similar strategies across multiple investment vehicles, resulting in less diversification. Trading may occur outside the United States which may pose greater risks than trading on US exchanges and in US markets.

Index Descriptions

Dow Jones US Real Estate Total Return (TR) Index. The total return version of the Dow Jones US Real Estate Index, and is calculated with gross dividends reinvested. The base date for the index is December 31, 1991 with a base value of 100.

American Assets Capital Advisers

American Assets Capital Advisers, LLC (“AACA”) is an SEC-registered investment adviser specializing in real estate securities, including investments in real estate investment trusts (REITs), gaming, lodging, real estate operating companies (REOCs), home-building, real estate services, real estate finance companies, land, infrastructure and equity-related derivatives, and may also invest in debt, convertible debt and preferred securities. AACA manages separate accounts and a mutual fund as the sole sub-adviser. AACA is wholly-owned and controlled by Soledad Realty Capital, Inc. and American Assets Investment Management, LLC.

Altegris is not affiliated with AACA.